SAKOFA, means (RETURN AND FETCH IT).
Return and fetch it, that part of African history that explains who were the Families and Ancestors of the Africans who were kidnapped and forced to be Slaves in the western hemisphere, the European colonies and the united states.
John Henrik Clarke in his "The Origin and Growth of Afro-American Literature" said, In the West African states of Ghana, Melle (Mali) and Songhay, there were ancestry rulers who expanded their kingdoms into empires, great and magnificent armies whose physical dimensions dwarfed entire nations into submission, generals who advanced technique of military science, scholars whose vision of life showed foresight and wisdom, and priests who told of gods that were strong and kind.
During this period in West African history from the early fourteenth century to the time of the Moorish invasion in 1591, the City of Timbuktu with the University of Sankore in Songhay Empire, was the intellectual center of Africa. Black scholars were enjoying a renaissance that was known and respected throughout most of Africa and in parts of Europe. At this period in African history, the University of Sankore, at Timbuktu was the educational capital of the Western Sudan. Ancestors of the AfricanCowboys who road the cattle trails in the old west.
Felix Dubois in his book,"Timbuktu the Mysterious", give us the following description of this period. The scholars of Timbuktu yielded in nothing to the saints in their sojourns in the foreign universities of Fez, Tunis and Cairo. They astounded the most learned men of Islam by their erudition. That these Africans were on a level with the Arabian Savants is proved by the fact that they were installed as professors in Morocco and Egypt. In contrast to this, we find that the Arabs were not always equal to the requirements. of the university
Ahmed Babr was the last chancellor of the University of Sankore. He was the author of more that 40 books. He was in Timbuktu when it was invaded by Moroccans in 1592. Ahmed Babr along with other scholars was imprisoned and eventually exiled to Morocco. During his expatriation from Timbuktu, his collection of 1,600 books, one of the richest libraries of his days was lost. These Africans could have been the Great Grandfather, Grandmothers and ancestors of the AfricanCowboys who road the cattle trails in the old west.
Empires of gold and knowledge part 2 Importance of Timbuktu
KEMET DEVELOPED THE FIRST SYSTEM OF SALVATION, ( Religion ).
Ancient Kemet, (aka Egypt) had developed a very complex Wisdom System. It was the first system of salvation. The Greeks called it the "Mysteries system!" It was a Mysteries to greeks. This system of salvation regarded the human body as a prison house of the Soul, which could be liberated from its bodily impediments through the disciplines of the Arts and Sciences, and advanced from the level of a mortal to that of a God.
The Royal African temples of Kemet and libraries were plundered and pillaged and Aristotle's Greek school converted the Royal library into a Greek research center and claimed title to all of the Kemetic books. Africa's Stolen legacy.
In his books,"Challenge of the Congo", recounting some of the history of the Congo, Nkrumah states as reported in 1481 by the Portuguese, "The African States of the west coast and the hinterland were well organized politically, militarily and economically".
Africans controlled the produce of the interior and sold it on their own terms. They did not need to enter any military or economic alliance with the Portuguese. The Portuguese were tolerated solely as traders! These African were the ancestors of the AfricanCowboys,
In 1482 three small Portuguese ships set out from Elmina in Ghana. Their mission was to find a route around Africa The Portuguese hope to reach the legendary kingdom of great African Christian king, Prester John. This fleet, commanded by Diego Cam never got there, but it did come across the ancient kingdom of the Congo and the long history of European intervention and invasion in Central Africa begun.
The king of the Congo welcomed the Portuguese to help him fight against his nominal vassal and that was his undoing. The first consignment of technical aid consisting of priests and skilled craftsmen with the tools of their trade and a variety of religious objects arrived in (1490). From then onward there was a small but steady flow of European technicians, who included two German printers. Considering that printing has been established in England only fifteen years before and had not yet been established in Spain, the provision of printers is a remarkable tribute to the high level of civilization that the Europeans attributed to the Congo.
Ankole cattle crossing bridge in Congo
THE EVIL EFFECT OF TRADE WITH THE PORTUGUESE
was not immediately apparent, the king of the Congo was at first able to deal with the European nations on equal terms. The King of the Congo sent his son to visit the Pope carrying gifts of Ivory, rare skins and find woven Taffea textiles manufactured in the Congo. The Kings son was 18 years old at the time and able to address the Pope in Latin. Five years later on the formal proposal of four Cardinals the Kings son was elevated to the rank of Bishop of the Congo.
Before much time had passed, the King of the Congo was prepared to stop all Portuguese trade if they did not stop the slave trade. In 1526 the King of the Congo wrote to the King of Portugal, saying, "We can not reckon how great the slave trade damage is. Before very much time had passed, the King of the Congo was prepared to stop all Portuguese trade if they did not stop the slave trade. In 1526 the King of the Congo wrote to the King of Portugal, saying, "We can not reckon how great the damage is since the above mentioned merchants daily size our subjects, sons of the land and sons of noblemen, vassal and our relatives. (The beginnings of western in-slavement of Africans, and the de-construction of African Civilization).
Men of evil conscience take them, (The Congolese People) because they wish to possess the people things and wares of this Kingdom. They grab them our men women and children and cause them to be sold. So great is their corruption and licentiousness that our country is being utterly depopulated. We need from you none other than priests and people to teach in schools. No other goods but wine and flour for the holy sacrament. We ask your help in this matter, commanding your people that they should send here neither merchants or wares, because it is our will that in this Kingdom of the Congo there should not be any trade in Slaves or market for slaves!
W.E.B.DuBois Address to the All-African People's Conference, Dec. 22 1958, in Accra Ghana. His address was read by his wife, Mrs. Shirley Graham DuBois.
Fellow African: About 1735, My great-great grandfather was kidnapped on this coast of West Africa and taken by the Dutch to the colony of New York in America. where he was sold into slavery. About the same time a French Huguenot, Jacques DuBois , migrated from France to America and his great grandson, born in the West Indies and with Negro (African) blood, married the great granddaughter of my African ancestor. I am the son of this couple, born in 1868, hence my French name and my African loyalty. Dubois was born about the same time the AfricanCowboys were starting to ride the western Range.
DuBois quoted "Frobenius in his "CIVILIZATION AFRICAINE:" When the the first European navigators at the end of the middle ages arrived in the gulf of the Guinea and landed at Vaida, the captains were astonished to find beautiful streets well cared for, bordered for several leagues in length by two rows of trees. A league is a distance of about 3.4 to statute miles For many days they were permitted to passed through a country of magnificent fields, a country inhabited by men and women dressed in brilliant clothes, the material produced by there own Industries. What happened? Men of evil conscience destroyed a beautiful Civilization through their Greed and Ignorance,
To the South in the kingdom of the Congo, large crowds dressed in silks and velvets, great states well ordered and even to the smallest details, powerful sovereigns rich industries civilized to the marrow of their bones and the condition of the countries on the eastern coast of Africa, Mozambique for example was the same.
What was seen by the Europeans of the 15th to the 17th centuries furnishes an absolute proof that African south of the Sahara was in full efflorescence, in all the splendor of the harmonious and well formed civilizations a period of intellectual and artistic development, which the European conquistadors had not achieved, so they tried to annihilate it. These Africans were the ancestors of the AfricanCowboys who road the cattle trails in the old west in the 1800's.
The slave trade was never a affair which met a perfectly easy conscience. It exacted a justification hence Europeans and Americans tried to make of the African a half-animal, an article of merchandise. Leo Frobenius said in the same way the notion of fetish Portuguese (feticeiro) was invented as a symbol of African religion, as for me, I have seen in no part of Africa the African worship of a fetish. The idea of the barbarous African is a European invention which has consequently prevailed in Europe until the beginning of the 19th century and them some. Leo Frobenius; Historie de la Civilization Africaine.
Called Negro, who the world preyed on for five hundred years? In defense of slavery and the slave trade, and for the building up of capitalistic industry and imperialistic colonialism Africa and the people of Africa have been almost read out of the bounds of humanity. Africans lost in European their history and cultures, all that was human in Africa was deemed European or Asiatic. Africa was no integral part of the world, because the European world which raped her, Africa had to pretend that it had not harmed a man, woman or child but a thing.
In the "mis-Education of the Negro", by Carter G.Woodson, It seems that Africans in the Diaspora (America) have all ways been taught that we have no history worth talking about, and that if we do have any history, it is only important as it relates to Europeans, (White people) The description of various parts of the world was worked out according to a plan. The parts inhabited by Caucasian were treated in detail. less attention was given to the yellow people, still less to the red, very little to the brown and practically none to the African (Black People).
The story of Africans and Cattle goes way back into history starting with the History of Kemet (aka Egypt) and Pictures on papyrus, and carver on the temple walls of Africans driving herds of cattle. The Mossi were and are a great cattle raising people, the Shona people of Zimbabwe also raiser cattle, These were the ancestor of the AfricanCowboys
The Africans were the first to domesticate cattle, sheep, and goats. These same Africans discover and developed Iron that western nations depend on so much today.
Oh yes and the jury system that western nations take such pride in, it was an invention of the African. These were the ancestor of the AfricanCowboys
AFRICANS AND AFRICAN-AMERICAN HISTORY
Since the 1960's Africans and African American are not only making History, but are writing it and telling it in books, film, video, and the other arts. (Sankofa)
In these web pages about the AfricanCowboy, I want to tell some of the untold story, from the 1800's back into ancient Kemet in Africa.
If you know of African Americans, friends, relatives, or just some one you have read about who live in the old west and has a story to tell, contact us by e-mail,
Give up feed back and we'll try to add it to the web page. if you have pictures that would be great to. Thanks, Emerson.